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List of Animal Ingredients in Food and Cosmetics

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List of Animal derivatives or ingredients found in cosmetics, toiletries, and food.

Thanks to PETA.org for the list.

IngredientSourceAlternatives
AdrenalineHormone from adrenal glands of hogs, cattle, and sheep. In medicine.
synthetics
AlbumenIn eggs, milk, muscles, blood, and many vegetable tissues and fluids. In cosmetics, albumen is usually derived from egg whites and used as a coagulating agent. May cause allergic reaction. In cakes, cookies, candies, etc. Egg whites sometimes used in "clearing" wines. Derivative: Albumin
AlcloxaUric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa.
extract of comfrey root, synthetics
AldioxaUric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. extract of comfrey root, synthetics
Aliphatic AlcoholA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols. Alternatives: plant and vegetable oils
Can come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplements.
carrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol.
AllantoinUric acid from cows, most mammals. Also in many plants (especially comfrey). In cosmetics (especially creams and lotions) and used in treatment of wounds and ulcers. Derivatives: Alcloxa, Aldioxa. extract of comfrey root, synthetics
Alligator Skinsynthetics, cotton, etc
Alpha-Hydroxy AcidsAny one of several acids used as an exfoliant and in anti-wrinkle products. Lactic acid may be animal-derived (see Lactic Acid). glycolic acid, citric acid, and salicylic acid are plant- or fruit-derived
AmbergrisFrom whale intestines. Used as a fixative in making perfumes and as a flavoring in foods and beverages. synthetic or vegetable fixatives
Amino AcidsThe building blocks of protein in all animals and plants. In cosmetics, vitamins, supplements, shampoos, etc. synthetics, plant sources
Amino Succinate AcidCan be plant or animal based. Normally plant based.
AngoraHair from the Angora rabbit or goat. Used in clothing. synthetic fibers
Animal Fats and OilsIn foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenic. olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc
Animal HairIn some blankets, mattresses, brushes, furniture, etc. vegetable and synthetic fibers
Arachidonic AcidA liquid unsaturated fatty acid that is found in liver, brain, glands, and fat of animals and humans. Generally isolated from animal liver. Used in companion animal food for nutrition and in skin creams and lotions to soothe eczema and rashes. synthetics, aloe vera, tea tree oil, calendula ointment
Arachidyl ProprionateA wax that can be from animal fat. peanut or vegetable oil
Bee PollenMicrosporic grains in seed plants gathered by bees then collected from the legs of bees. Causes allergic reactions in some people. In nutritional supplements, shampoos, toothpastes, deodorants. Alternatives: synthetics, plant amino acids, pollen collected from plants
Bee ProductsProduced by bees for their own use. Bees are selectively bred. Culled bees are killed. A cheap sugar is substituted for their stolen honey. Millions die as a result. Their legs are often torn off by pollen-collection trapdoors
Beeswax. HoneycombWax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flavaparaffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China).
Biotin. Vitamin H. Vitamin B FactorIn every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creamsplant sources
BloodFrom any slaughtered animal. Used as adhesive in plywood, also found in cheese-making, foam rubber, intravenous feedings, and medicines. Possibly in foods such as lecithinsynthetics, plant sources
Boar BristlesHair from wild or captive hogs. In "natural" toothbrushes and bath and shaving brushesvegetable fibers, nylon, the peelu branch or peelu gum (Asian, available in the U.S.; its juice replaces toothpaste
Bone CharAnimal bone ash. Used in bone china and often to make sugar white. Serves as the charcoal used in aquarium filterssynthetic tribasic calcium phosphate
Bone MealCrushed or ground animal bones. In some fertilizers. In some vitamins and supplements as a source of calcium. In toothpastesplant mulch, vegetable compost, dolomite, clay, vegetarian vitamins.
Calciferol (Vitamin D)Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 is always from an animal source.plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine
CalfskinSubsidizes the meat industry. Used to make wallets, handbags, furniture and car upholstery, shoes, etccotton, canvas, nylon, vinyl, ultrasuede, pleather, other synthetics
Caprylamine OxideA liquid fatty acid from cow's or goat's milk. Also from palm, coconut, and other plant oils. In perfumes, soaps. Derivatives: Caprylic Triglyceride, Caprylamine Oxide, Capryl Betaineplant sources, especially coconut oil
Capryl BetaineA liquid fatty acid from cow's or goat's milk. Also from palm, coconut, and other plant oils. In perfumes, soaps. Derivatives: Caprylic Triglyceride, Caprylamine Oxide, Capryl Betaineplant sources, especially coconut oil
Caprylic TriglycerideA liquid fatty acid from cow's or goat's milk. Also from palm, coconut, and other plant oils. In perfumes, soaps. Derivatives: Caprylic Triglyceride, Caprylamine Oxide, Capryl Betaineplant sources, especially coconut oil
CarbamideTypically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to "brown" baked goods, such as pretzels
Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid
synthetics
Carmine. Cochineal. Carminic AcidRed pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reactionbeet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc
Carminic AcidRed pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reactionbeet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc
Carotene. Provitamin A. Beta CaroteneA pigment found in many animal tissues and in all plants. When used as an additive, typically derived from plant sources. Used as a coloring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of vitamin A
Casein. Caseinate. Sodium CaseinateMilk protein. In "nondairy" creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty maskssoy protein, soy milk, and other vegetable milks
CaseinateMilk protein. In "nondairy" creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty maskssoy protein, soy milk, and other vegetable milks
CashmereWool from the Kashmir goat. Used in clothing synthetic fibers, cotton
Castor. CastoreumCreamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not
CastoreumCreamy substance with strong odor, originally from muskrat and beaver genitals but now typically synthetic. Used as a fixative in perfume and incense. While some cosmetics companies continue to use animal castor, the majority do not
CatgutTough string from the intestines of sheep, horses, etc. Used for surgical sutures. Also for stringing tennis rackets, musical instruments, etcnylon and other synthetic fibers
Cera FlavaWax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera Flava.paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China).
CerebrosidesFatty acids and sugars found in the covering of nerves. May be synthetic or of animal origin. When animal-derived, may include tissue from brain. Used in moisturizers
Cetyl AlcoholWax originally found in spermaceti from sperm whales or dolphins but now most often derived from petroleumvegetable cetyl alcohol (e.g., coconut), synthetic spermaceti
Cetyl PalmitateWaxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale's head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritationssynthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients.
ChitosanA fiber derived from crustacean shells. Used as a lipid binder in diet products; hair, oral, and skin-care products; antiperspirants; and deodorantsraspberries, yams, legumes, dried apricots, many other fruits and vegetables.
CholesterinA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness.
Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols
plant and vegetable oils.
CholesterolA steroid alcohol in all animal fats and oils, nervous tissue, egg yolk, and blood. Can be derived from lanolin. In cosmetics, eye creams, shampoos, etcsolid complex alcohols (sterols) from plant sources.
Choline BitartrateWaxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicinessoybean lecithin, synthetics
CivetUnctuous secretion painfully scraped from a gland very near the genital organs of civet cats. Used as a fixative in perfumes
CochinealRed pigment from the crushed female cochineal insect. Reportedly, 70,000 beetles must be killed to produce one pound of this red dye. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, red apple sauce, and other foods (including red lollipops and food coloring). May cause allergic reaction.beet juice (used in powders, rouges, shampoos; no known toxicity), alkanet root (from the root of this herb-like tree; used as a red dye for inks, wines, lip balms, etc.; no known toxicity; can also be combined to make a copper or blue coloring)
Cod Liver OilFrom fish or marine mammals (including porpoises). Used in soapmaking. Used as a shortening (especially in some margarines), as a lubricant, and in paintvegetable oils
CollagenFibrous protein in vertebrates. Usually derived from animal tissue. Can't affect the skin's own collagen. An allergenoy protein, almond oil, amla oil
ColorsPigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coal-tar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals because of their carcinogenic propertiesgrapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet
CorticosteroidWhen animal-derived, a hormone from adrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicinesynthetics
Cortisoneadrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicinesynthetics
Cysteine, L-FormAn amino acid from hair that can come from animals. Used in hair-care products and creams, in some bakery products, and in wound-healing formulationsPlant sources
CystineAn amino acid found in urine and horsehair. Used as a nutritional supplement and in emollientsPlant sources
DexpanthenolCan come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenyl.synthetics, plants
DiglyceridesFrom animal fat. In margarines, cake mixes, candies, foods, etc. In cosmeticsvegetable glycerides.
Dimethyl StearamineWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
DownGoose or duck insulating feathers. From slaughtered or cruelly exploited geese. Used as an insulator in quilts, parkas, sleeping bags, pillows, etcpolyester and synthetic substitutes, kapok (silky fibers from the seeds of some tropical trees) and milkweed seed pod fibers
Duodenum SubstancesFrom the digestive tracts of cows and pigs. Added to some vitamin tablets. In some medicinesvegetarian vitamins, synthetics
DyesPigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coal-tar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals because of their carcinogenic propertiesgrapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll, annatto, alkanet
Egg ProteinIn shampoos, skin preparations, etcplant proteins
ElastinProtein found in the neck ligaments and aortas of cows. Similar to collagen. Can't affect the skin's own elasticitysynthetics, protein from plant tissues
Emu Oil.From flightless ratite birds native to Australia and now factory-farmed. Used in cosmetics and creamsvegetable and plant oils.
Ergocalciferol (vitamin D)Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 is always from an animal source.plant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine
ErgosterolVitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 is always from an animal sourceplant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine
EstradiolFemale hormones from pregnant mares' urine. Considered a drug. Can have harmful systemic effects if used by children. Used for reproductive problems and in birth control pills and Premarin, a menopausal drug. In creams, perfumes, and lotions. Has a negligible effect in the creams as a skin restorative; simple vegetable-source emollients are considered better.Alternatives: oral contraceptives and menopausal drugs based on synthetic steroids or phytoestrogens (from plants, especially palm-kernel oil). Menopausal symptoms can also be treated with diet and herbs.
FatsIn foods, cosmetics, etc. Highly allergenicolive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc.
Fatty AcidsCan be one or any mixture of liquid and solid acids such as caprylic, lauric, myristic, oleic, palmitic, and stearic. Used in bubble baths, lipsticks, soap, detergents, cosmetics, foodvegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc
FD&C ColorsPigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color grapes, beets, turmeric, saffron, carrots, chlorophyll,
FeathersFrom exploited and slaughtered birds. Used whole as ornaments or ground up in shampoo
Fish Liver OilUsed in vitamins and supplements. In milk fortified with vitamin Dyeast extract ergosterol, exposure of skin to sunshine
Fish Oil
Fish oil can also be from marine mammals. Used in soapmaking
From fish or marine mammals (including porpoises). Used in soapmaking. Used as a shortening (especially in some margarines), as a lubricant, and in paint
vegetable oils
Fish ScalesUsed in shimmery makeupmica, rayon, synthetic pearl.
FurObtained from animals (usually mink, foxes, or rabbits) cruelly trapped in steel-jaw traps or raised in intensive confinement on fur farms synthetics
GelProtein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in "clearing" winescarrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don't use film
GelatinProtein obtained by boiling skin, tendons, ligaments, and/or bones in water. From cows and pigs. Used in shampoos, face masks, and other cosmetics. Used as a thickener for fruit gelatins and puddings (e.g., Jell-O). In candies, marshmallows, cakes, ice cream, yogurts. On photographic film and in vitamins as a coating and as capsules. Sometimes used to assist in "clearing" winescarrageen (carrageenan, Irish moss), seaweeds (algin, agar-agar, kelp—used in jellies, plastics, medicine), pectin from fruits, dextrins, locust bean gum, cotton gum, silica gel. Marshmallows were originally made from the root of the marshmallow plant. Vegetarian capsules are now available from several companies. Digital cameras don't use film
Glucose TyrosinaseAmino acid often of plant or synthetic origin but sometimes hydrolyzed from casein (milk). Used in cosmetics and creams.
Derivative: Glucose Tyrosinase.
GlyceridesA byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, PolyglycerolVegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.
GlycerinA byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, PolyglycerolVegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.
Glycerol.A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, PolyglycerolVegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.
Glyceryls.A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, PolyglycerolVegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.
Glycreth-26A byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, PolyglycerolVegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.
GuanineObtained from scales of fish. Constituent of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid and found in all animal and plant tissues. In shampoo, nail polish, other cosmeticseguminous plants, synthetic pearl, or aluminum and bronze particles.
Hide GlueSame as gelatin but of a cruder impure formdextrins and synthetic petrochemical-based adhesives. (See Gelatin.)
HoneyFood for bees, made by bees. Can cause allergic reactions. Used as a coloring and an emollient in cosmetics and as a flavoring in foods. Should never be fed to infantsAlternatives: in foods—maple syrup, date sugar, syrups made from grains such as barley malt, turbinado sugar, molasses; in cosmetics—vegetable colors and oils.
HoneycombWax obtained from melting honeycomb with boiling water, straining it, and cooling it. From virgin bees. Very cheap and widely used. May be harmful to the skin. In lipsticks and many other cosmetics, especially face creams, lotions, mascara, eye creams and shadows, face makeup, nail whiteners, lip balms, etc. Derivatives: Cera FlavaAlternatives: paraffin, vegetable oils and fats, ceresin (aka ceresine, earth wax; made from the mineral ozokerite; replaces beeswax in cosmetics; also used to wax paper, to make polishing cloths, in dentistry for taking wax impressions, and in candle-making), carnauba wax (from the Brazilian palm tree; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; rarely causes allergic reactions), candelilla wax (from candelilla plants; used in many cosmetics, including lipstick; also in the manufacture of rubber and phonograph records, in waterproofing and writing inks; no known toxicity), Japan wax (vegetable wax, Japan tallow; fat from the fruit of a tree grown in Japan and China).
HorsehairIn some blankets, mattresses, brushes, furniture, etc. vegetable and synthetic fibers
Hyaluronic AcidWhen animal-derived, a protein found in umbilical cords and the fluids around the joints. Used in cosmetics and some medical applications.synthetic hyaluronic acid, plant oils
Hydrocortisoneadrenal glands. However, a synthetic is widely used. Typically used in medicinesynthetic
Hydrolyzed Animal ProteinIn cosmetics, especially shampoo and hair treatmentssoy protein, other vegetable proteins, amla oil
Imidazolidinyl UreaTypically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to "brown" baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acid. synthetics
InsulinFrom hog pancreas. Used by millions of diabetics daily.synthetics, vegetarian diet and nutritional supplements, human insulin grown in a lab.
IsinglassA form of gelatin prepared from the internal membranes of fish bladders. Sometimes used in "clearing" wines and in foodsbentonite clay, "Japanese isinglass," agar-agar (see alternatives to Gelatin), mica, a mineral used in cosmetics.
Isopropyl LanolateA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcoholsplant and vegetable oils.
Isopropyl MyristateOrganic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristate.nut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc.
Isopropyl PalmitateComplex mixtures of isomers of stearic acid and palmitic acid.
When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline.
Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
KeratinProtein from the ground-up horns, hooves, feathers, quills, and hair of various animals. In hair rinses, shampoos, permanent wave solutions.almond oil, soy protein, amla oil (from the fruit of an Indian tree), human hair from salons. Rosemary and nettle give body and strand strength to hair
Lactic AcidTypically derived from plants such as beets. When animal-derived, found in blood and muscle tissue. Also in sour milk, beer, sauerkraut, pickles, and other food products made by bacterial fermentation. Used in skin fresheners, as a preservative, in the formation of plasticizers, etcplant milk sugars, synthetics.
LactoseMilk sugar from milk of mammals. In eye lotions, foods, tablets, cosmetics, baked goods, medicinesplant milk sugars
LanethA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcoholsplant and vegetable oils.
LanogeneA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcoholsplant and vegetable oils.
LardFat from hog abdomens. In shaving creams, soaps, cosmetics. In baked goods, French fries, refried beans, and many other foodspure vegetable fats or oils
Leather / Animal SkinSubsidizes the meat industry. Used to make wallets, handbags, furniture and car upholstery, shoes, etc.cotton, canvas, nylon, vinyl, ultrasuede, pleather, other synthetics
LecithinWaxy substance in nervous tissue of all living organisms. But frequently obtained for commercial purposes from eggs and soybeans. Also from nerve tissue, blood, milk, corn. Choline bitartrate, the basic constituent of lecithin, is in many animal and plant tissues and prepared synthetically. Lecithin can be in eye creams, lipsticks, liquid powders, hand creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos, other cosmetics, and some medicinessoybean lecithin, synthetics
Linoleic AcidAn essential fatty acid. Used in cosmetics, vitaminsvegetable-derived acids, soy lecithin, safflower oil, bitter almond oil, sunflower oil, etc
LipaseEnzyme from the stomachs and tongue glands of calves, kids, and lambs. Used in cheesemaking and in digestive aidsvegetable enzymes, castor beans
LipidsFat and fat-like substances that are found in animals and plantsvegetable oils
LipoidsFat and fat-like substances that are found in animals and plantsvegetable oils
Marine OilFrom fish or marine mammals (including porpoises). Used in soapmaking. Used as a shortening (especially in some margarines), as a lubricant, and in paintvegetable oils
MethionineEssential amino acid found in various proteins (usually from egg albumen and casein). Used as a texturizer and for freshness in potato chipssynthetics
Milk ProteinHydrolyzed milk protein. From the milk of cows. In cosmetics, shampoos, moisturizers, conditioners, etcsoy protein, other plant proteins
Mink OilFrom minks. In cosmetics, creams, etcvegetable oils and emollients such as avocado oil, almond oil, and jojoba oil.
MonoglyceridesFrom animal fat. In margarines, cake mixes, candies, foods, etc. In cosmeticsvegetable glycerides.
Musk (Oil)Dried secretion painfully obtained from musk deer, beaver, muskrat, civet cat, and otter genitals. Wild cats are kept captive in cages in horrible conditions and are whipped around the genitals to produce the scent; beavers are trapped; deer are shot. In perfumes and in food flavoringslabdanum oil (from various rockrose shrubs) and extracts from other plants with a musky scent
Myristal Ether SulfateOrganic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristatenut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc.
Myristic AcidOrganic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristatenut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc.
MyristylsOrganic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristatenut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc.
Natural SourcesCan mean animal or vegetable sources. Most often in the health-food industry, especially in the cosmetics area, it means animal sources, such as animal elastin, glands, fat, protein, and oilplant sources
Nucleic AcidsIn the nucleus of all living cells. Used in cosmetics, shampoos, conditioners, etc. Also in vitamins, supplementsplant sources
OcenolFound in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazoline
Octyl DodecanolMixture of solid waxy alcohols. Primarily from stearyl alcoho
Oleic AcidObtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearatecoconut oil, olive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc.
Oilsolive oil, wheat germ oil, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, almond oil, safflower oil, etc.
OlethsFound in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazoline.
Oleyl ArachidateFound in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazolin
Oleyl ImidazolineFound in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazolin
Oleyl AlcoholFound in fish oils. Used in the manufacture of detergents, as a plasticizer for softening fabrics, and as a carrier for medications. Derivatives: Oleths, Oleyl Arachidate, Oleyl Imidazolin
Oleyl MyristateOrganic acid typically derived from nut oils but occasionally of animal origin. Used in shampoos, creams, cosmetics. In food flavorings. Derivatives: Isopropyl Myristate, Myristal Ether Sulfate, Myristyls, Oleyl Myristatenut butters, oil of lovage, coconut oil, extract from seed kernels of nutmeg, etc.
Oleyl OleateObtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearatecoconut oil.
Oleyl StearateObtained from various animal and vegetable fats and oils. Usually obtained commercially from inedible tallow. (See Tallow.) In foods, soft soap, bar soap, permanent wave solutions, creams, nail polish, lipsticks, many other skin preparations. Derivatives: Oleyl Oleate, Oleyl Stearatecoconut oil.
PalmitamideA fatty acid most commonly derived from palm oil but may be derived from animals as well. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamidesynthetics, plants.
PalmitamineA fatty acid most commonly derived from palm oil but may be derived from animals as well. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamidesynthetics, plants.
PalmitateA fatty acid most commonly derived from palm oil but may be derived from animals as well. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamidesynthetics, plants.
Palmitic AcidA fatty acid most commonly derived from palm oil but may be derived from animals as well. In shampoos, shaving soaps, creams. Derivatives: Palmitate, Palmitamine, Palmitamidesynthetics, plants.
Panthenol.Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenysynthetics, plants
PanthenylCan come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenysynthetics, plants
PepsinIn hogs' stomachs. A clotting agent. In some cheeses and vitamins. Same uses and alternatives as Rennet.
PlacentaContains waste matter eliminated by the fetus. Derived from the uterus of slaughtered animals. Animal placenta is widely used in skin creams, shampoos, masks, etckelp
PolyglycerolA byproduct of soap manufacture (normally uses animal fat). In cosmetics, foods, mouthwashes, chewing gum, toothpastes, soaps, ointments, medicines, lubricants, transmission and brake fluid, and plastics. Derivatives: Glycerides, Glyceryls, Glycreth-26, PolyglycerolVegetable glycerin (a byproduct of vegetable oil soap), derivatives of seaweed, petroleum.
PolypeptidesFrom animal protein. Used in cosmeticsPlant proteins and enzymes.
PolysorbatesDerivatives of fatty acids. In cosmetics, foods
PristaneObtained from the liver oil of sharks and from whale ambergris. Used as a lubricant and anti-corrosive agent. In cosmeticsplant oils, synthetics
ProgesteroneA steroid hormone used in anti-wrinkle face creams. Can have adverse systemic effectssynthetics
PropolisTree sap gathered by bees and used as a sealant in beehives. In toothpaste, shampoo, deodorant, supplements, etctree sap, synthetics
Provitamin AA pigment found in many animal tissues and in all plants. When used as an additive, typically derived from plant sources. Used as a coloring in cosmetics and in the manufacture of vitamin A
Provitamin B-5Can come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenylsynthetics, plants
Provitamin D-2Vitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 is always from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etcplant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine
RennetEnzyme from calves' stomachs. Used in cheesemaking, rennet custard (junket), and in many coagulated dairy productsmicrobial coagulating agents, bacteria culture, lemon juice, or vegetable rennet.
RenninEnzyme from calves' stomachs. Used in cheesemaking, rennet custard (junket), and in many coagulated dairy productsmicrobial coagulating agents, bacteria culture, lemon juice, or vegetable rennet.
Resinous GlazeResinous excretion of certain insects. Used as a candy glaze, in hair lacquer, and on jewelryplant waxes, Zein (from corn)
RetinolAnimal-derived vitamin Acarotene
Ribonucleic AcidRNA is in all living cells. Used in many protein shampoos and cosmetics.Plant cell
RNARNA is in all living cells. Used in many protein shampoos and cosmetics.Plant cell
Royal JellySecretion from the throat glands of worker honeybees. Fed to the larvae in a colony and to all queen larvae. No proven value in cosmetics preparations aloe vera, comfrey, other plant derivatives.
Sable BrushesFrom the fur of sables (weasel-like mammals). Used to make eye makeup, lipstick, and artists' brushes.synthetic fibers.
Sea Turtle OilFrom the muscles and genitals of giant sea turtles. In soap, skin creams, nail creams, other cosmeticsvegetable emollients
Shark Liver OilUsed in lubricating creams and lotions. Derivatives: Squalane, Squalenevegetable oils
Sheepskin
Shellac.Resinous excretion of certain insects. Used as a candy glaze, in hair lacquer, and on jewelryplant waxes, Zein (from corn)
SilkSilk is the shiny fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Worms are boiled in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth. In silk-screening (other fine cloth can be and is used instead). Taffeta can be made from silk or nylon. Silk powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. It is used as a coloring agent in face powders, soaps, etc. Can cause severe allergic skin reactions and systemic reactions if inhaled or ingested.milkweed seed-pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, and synthetic silks
Silk PowderSilk is the shiny fiber made by silkworms to form their cocoons. Worms are boiled in their cocoons to get the silk. Used in cloth. In silk-screening (other fine cloth can be and is used instead). Taffeta can be made from silk or nylon. Silk powder is obtained from the secretion of the silkworm. It is used as a coloring agent in face powders, soaps, etc. Can cause severe allergic skin reactions and systemic reactions if inhaled or ingested.milkweed seed-pod fibers, nylon, silk-cotton tree and ceiba tree filaments (kapok), rayon, and synthetic silks
SnailsIn some cosmetics (crushed)
Sodium CaseinateMilk protein. In "nondairy" creamers, soy cheese, many cosmetics, hair preparations, beauty maskssoy protein, soy milk, and other vegetable milks
Sodium Steroyl LactylateTypically derived from plants such as beets. When animal-derived, found in blood and muscle tissue. Also in sour milk, beer, sauerkraut, pickles, and other food products made by bacterial fermentation. Used in skin fresheners, as a preservative, in the formation of plasticizers, etcplant milk sugars, synthetics.
Sodium TallowateRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
SpermacetiWaxy oil originally derived from the sperm whale's head or from dolphins but now most often derived from petroleum. In many margarines. In skin creams, ointments, shampoos, candles, etc. Used in the leather industry. May become rancid and cause irritations. synthetic spermaceti, jojoba oil, and other vegetable emollients.
Sponge (Luna and Sea)A plantlike animal. Lives in the sea. Becoming scarcesynthetic sponges, loofahs (plants used as sponges).
SqualaneUsed in lubricating creams and lotions. Derivatives: Squalane, Squalene. vegetable oils
SqualeneOil from shark livers, etc. In cosmetics, moisturizers, hair dyes, surface-active agentsvegetable emollients such as olive oil, wheat germ oil, rice bran oil, etc.
StearamideWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline.Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
StearamineWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline.Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
Stearamine OxideA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate.plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.
Stearates.When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline.Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
Stearic HydrazideWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut.
Stearone.When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut.
StearoxytrimethylsilaneWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut.
Stearoyl Lactylic AcidWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut.
Stearic Acid.When animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut.
Stearyl AcetateA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearateplant sources, vegetable stearic acid
Stearyl BetaineWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl ImidazolineStearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
Stearyl Caprylate.A mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate.plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.
Stearyl CitrateA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate.plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.
Stearyldimethyl AmineA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate.plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.
Stearyl GlycyrrhetinateA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate.plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.
Stearyl HeptanoateA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearate.plant sources, vegetable stearic acid.
Stearyl ImidazolineWhen animal-derived, a fat from cows, pigs, and sheep and from dogs and cats euthanized in animal shelters, etc. May also be of plant origin, including from cocoa butter and shea butter. Can be harsh, irritating. Used in cosmetics, soaps, lubricants, candles, hairspray, conditioners, deodorants, creams, chewing gum, food flavoring. Derivatives: Stearamide, Stearamine, Stearates, Stearic Hydrazide, Stearone, Stearoxytrimethylsilane, Stearoyl Lactylic Acid, Stearyl Betaine, Stearyl Imidazoline.Stearic acid can be found in many vegetable fats, coconut
Stearyl OctanoateA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearateplant sources, vegetable stearic acid
Stearyl StearateA mixture of solid alcohols. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. In medicines, creams, rinses, shampoos, etc. Derivatives: Stearamine Oxide, Stearyl Acetate, Stearyl Caprylate, Stearyl Citrate, Stearyldimethyl Amine, Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Stearyl Heptanoate, Stearyl Octanoate, Stearyl Stearateplant sources, vegetable stearic acid
SteroidsFrom various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etcplant tissues, synthetics
SterolsFrom various animal glands or from plant tissues. Steroids include sterols. Sterols are alcohol from animals or plants (e.g., cholesterol). Used in hormone preparation. In creams, lotions, hair conditioners, fragrances, etcplant tissues, synthetics
Suede
TallowRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Tallow AcidRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Tallow AmideRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Tallow AmineRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Talloweth-6Rendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Tallow GlyceridesRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Tallow ImidazolineRendered beef fat. May cause eczema and blackheads. In wax paper, crayons, margarines, paints, rubber, lubricants, etc. In candles, soaps, lipsticks, shaving creams, other cosmetics. Chemicals (e.g., PCB) can be in animal tallow. Derivatives: Sodium Tallowate, Tallow Acid, Tallow Amide, Tallow Amine, Talloweth-6, Tallow Glycerides, Tallow Imidazoline.vegetable tallow, Japan tallow, paraffin, ceresin (see alternatives to Beeswax). Paraffin is usually from petroleum, wood, coal, or shale oil.
Triterpene AlcoholsA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols.plant and vegetable oils.
LanolinA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols.plant and vegetable oils.
Turtle OilFrom the muscles and genitals of giant sea turtles. In soap, skin creams, nail creams, other cosmeticsvegetable emollients
TyrosineAmino acid often of plant or synthetic origin but sometimes hydrolyzed from casein (milk). Used in cosmetics and creamsGlucose Tyrosinase
UreaTypically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to "brown" baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acisynthetics
Uric AcidTypically synthetic. When extracted from animals, it is excreted from urine and other bodily fluids. In deodorants, ammoniated dentifrices, mouthwashes, hair colorings, hand creams, lotions, shampoos, etc. Used to "brown" baked goods, such as pretzels. Derivatives: Imidazolidinyl Urea, Uric Acisynthetics
Vitamin ACan come from fish liver oil (e.g., shark liver oil), egg yolk, butter, lemongrass, wheat germ oil, carotene in carrots, and synthetics. An aliphatic alcohol. In cosmetics, creams, perfumes, hair dyes, etc. In vitamins, supplementscarrots, other vegetables, synthetics. (Please note that Vitamin A exists in two forms: see also Carotene, Retinol
Vitamin B-Complex FactorCan come from animal or plant sources or synthetics. In shampoos, supplements, emollients, etc. In foods. Derivative: Panthenylsynthetics, plants
Vitamin B Factorn every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creamsPlant Sources
Vitamin B12Can come from animal products or bacteria cultures. Twinlab B12 vitamins contain gelatinvegetarian vitamins, fortified soy milks, nutritional yeast, fortified meat substitutes. Vitamin B12 is often listed as "cyanocobalamin" on food labels. Vegan health professionals caution that vegans get 5–10 mcg/day of vitamin B12 from fortified foods or supplements
Vitamin DVitamin D can come from fish liver oil, milk, egg yolks, and other animal products but can also come from plant sources. Vitamin D2 is typically vegan. Vitamin D3 is always from an animal source. All the D vitamins can be in creams, lotions, other cosmetics, vitamin tablets, etcplant and mineral sources, synthetics, completely vegetarian vitamins, exposure of skin to sunshine.
Vitamin Hn every living cell and in larger amounts in milk and yeast. Used as a texturizer in cosmetics, shampoos, and creamsPlant Sources
WaxGlossy, hard substance that is soft when hot. From animals and plants. In lipsticks, depilatories, hair straightenersvegetable waxes
WheyA serum from milk. Usually in cakes, cookies, candies, and breads. Used in cheesemaking. soybean whey
WoolFrom sheep. Used in clothing. Ram lambs and old "wool" sheep are slaughtered for their meat. Sheep are transported without food or water, in extreme heat and cold. Legs are broken, eyes injured, etc. Sheep are bred to be unnaturally woolly and unnaturally wrinkly, which causes them to get insect infestations around the tail areas. The farmer's solution to this is the painful cutting away of the flesh around the tail (called "mulesing"). "Inferior" sheep are killed. When sheep are sheared, they are pinned down violently and sheared roughly. Their skin is cut up. Every year, hundreds of thousands of shorn sheep die from exposure to cold. Natural predators of sheep (wolves, coyotes, eagles, etc.) are poisoned, trapped, and shot. In the U.S., overgrazing of cattle and sheep is turning more than 150 million acres of land to desert. "Natural" wool production uses enormous amounts of resources and energy (for breeding, rearing, feeding, shearing, transport, slaughter, etc.). Derivatives: Lanolin, Wool Wax, Wool Fatcotton, cotton flannel, synthetic fibers, ramie, etc
Wool Fat.A product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols.plant and vegetable oils.
Wool WaxA product of the oil glands of sheep, extracted from their wool. Used as an emollient in many skin-care products and cosmetics and in medicines. An allergen with no proven effectiveness. (See Wool for cruelty to sheep.) Derivatives: Aliphatic Alcohols, Cholesterin, Isopropyl Lanolate, Laneth, Lanogene, Lanolin Alcohols, Lanosterols, Sterols, Triterpene Alcohols.plant and vegetable oils.

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